In Ripon, Wisconsin, former members of the Whig Social gathering meet to determine a brand new celebration to oppose the unfold of slavery into the western territories. The Whig Social gathering, which was fashioned in 1834 to oppose the “tyranny” of President Andrew Jackson, had proven itself incapable of dealing with the nationwide disaster over slavery.
With the profitable introduction of the Kansas-Nebraska Invoice of 1854, an act that dissolved the phrases of the Missouri Compromise and allowed slave or free standing to be determined within the territories by widespread sovereignty, the Whigs disintegrated. By February 1854, anti-slavery Whigs had begun assembly within the higher midwestern states to debate the formation of a brand new celebration. One such assembly, in Wisconsin on March 20, 1854, is mostly remembered because the founding assembly of the Republican Social gathering.
The Republicans quickly gained supporters within the North, and in 1856 their first presidential candidate, John C. Fremont, received 11 of the 16 Northern states. By 1860, nearly all of the Southern slave states have been publicly threatening secession if the Republicans received the presidency. In November 1860, Republican Abraham Lincoln was elected president over a divided Democratic Social gathering, and 6 weeks later South Carolina formally seceded from the Union. Inside six extra weeks, 5 different Southern states had adopted South Carolina’s lead, and in April 1861 the Civil Battle started when Accomplice shore batteries underneath Common P.G.T. Beauregard opened fireplace on Fort Sumter in South Carolina’s Charleston Harbor.
The Civil Battle firmly recognized the Republican Social gathering because the celebration of the victorious North, and after the conflict the Republican-dominated Congress pressured a “Radical Reconstruction” coverage on the South, which noticed the passage of the thirteenth, 14th, and fifteenth amendments to the Structure and the granting of equal rights to all Southern residents. By 1876, the Republican Social gathering had misplaced management of the South, but it surely continued to dominate the presidency till the election of Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1933.